Jan 31, 2013

THE LAST MAN ON EARTH

Zombie Vampires

07/10
The Last Man on Earth
1964
Director:
Ubaldo Ragona
Screenplay:
William F. Leicester, Richard Matheson
Furio M. Monetti, Ubaldo Ragona
Cast:
Vincent Price, Franca Bettoia,
Emma Danieli, Giacomo Rossi-Stuart,
Umberto Raho

"By night they leave their graves, crawling, shambling, through empty streets, whimpering, pleading, begging for his blood!"




Dr. Robert Morgan (Vincent Price) is the sole survivor of a plague that has wiped out the human race. Worse, plague victims have returned from the dead as something very much like the vampires of legend. They gather outside Morgan's house every night seeking his blood. Morgan's entire existence consists of fortifying his home and hunting down vampires every day then blaring loud music to drown out their cries as he drinks himself to sleep every night. Yes, that does sound kind of great but Morgan has grown sick of it over the three long years that he has managed to survive. Loneliness and despair have begun to take their toll.

The Last Man on Earth was the first film adaptation of Richard Matheson's post apocalyptic vampire novel. It's a more faithful version than either Omega Man or I Am Legend and, in spite of suffering from an obviously low budget and often unimaginative direction, it's still my favourite of the three. The main reason for this is that it features vampires and doesn't transform the antagonists into psychotic cultists or mutant darkwalkers in the name of...realism I guess. See, back in the 70's a big budget film with an A-list star couldn't possibly trifle with something as silly as vampires no, albino psychos in holocaust cloaks would be taken far more seriously by sophisticated audiences of the time. Of course, today we realize that albino psychos in holocaust cloaks are completely ridiculous so instead we have cartoon CGI mutant darkwalkers instead. In another ten years this will be remade with Joseph Gordon-Levitt fending off bath salt zombies.


"There. That cross, mirror and garlic
 are bound to keep those zombies away."
Speaking of zombies, there is a slight controversy over whether the plague victims in Last Man are more properly defined as zombies rather than vampires. George Romero has cited Matheson's novel as the inspiration for Night of the Living Dead but I agree with those who think it more likely that this film was his main inspiration. The stark black and white shots of zombies laying siege to the farm house in Night look as if they could have been lifted from Last Man (the entrail eating business was new though, rock on Romero). In any case, Night pared down the already pared down vampires of Last Man to establish the ground rules for the countless zombie movies that we know and love today. Though Romero never referred to the flesh eating corpses of Night as such in his film, zombies soon stopped being those poor bastards brought back from the dead by mystical voodoo rituals to toil away in sugar mines. Now they were rogue, infectious devourers of human flesh. The undead horde of Last Man is like a transitional fossil between traditional supernatural vampires and the modern zombie.

As well as craving blood the film's plague victims exhibit many other traits specifically associated with vampires. Sadly for them, these traits are a laundry list of things which repel and kill them. They shun sunlight, are allergic to garlic and recoil from mirrors and crosses. A wooden stake plunged into their hearts will kill them though it's later shown that sharp metal poles work just as well. The finale also reveals a prosaic susceptibility to being riddled with bullets. As in Matheson's novel, these vampires have been disenchanted possessing no supernatural abilities. The film gimps them further as they mostly shamble around in a clumsy stupor, displaying none of the speed and strength described in the book. However, they do engage in a rudimentary form of psychological torture, calling out Morgan's name in the night and vandalizing his car when he isn't looking. So I just take them to be dim witted vampires but, if you wish to be more charitable and think of them as high functioning zombies, more power to you (but they are vampires).


"Morgan, come out! We want to be friends."

One of the more interesting things about Matheson's I Am Legend is how he describes creatures of myth stepping into the modern world and taking over. Vampires were old hat even as far back as the 50's, even Bram Stoker's Dracula plays with a juxtaposition of a creature of superstition pitted against the tools of then modern science. Matheson takes this a step further by using vampire folklore but explaining it in completely rational and psychological terms. The effect, when accompanied by a proper willing suspension of disbelief, is to lend a new plausibility to very old stories. It's like finding out that the reality of nightmares has been demonstrated through scientific means. Everything from the vampire's craving for blood to their aversion to the cross is explained without reference to the supernatural. Last Man drops most of the details of this speculation and exposition, but it remains implied. The film does spend time detailing the cause of vampirism, here an airborne bacillus.


Mormons.

Matheson was not pleased with Last Man, citing poor direction and contending that Vincent Price was miscast. I get the impression that Matheson envisioned his last man as more of an average man type and Price always had an air of refinement about him. The one deviation from the novel common to all three films is that they turn the protagonist from a plant worker into a scientist. This makes sense as each film also deals with a search for a cure, far more plausible when the character doing the research has some professional training. So I really have no problem with Vincent Price cast in the lead as opposed to some everyman type. He delivers a fine performance maintaining the audience's interest over the film's rough patches, such as the longish opening in which he wanders around an empty world as a voice over narration states the obvious. Got to get gas, I need to get gas, here I go, going to get gass. Price conveys loneliness and bitterness through his physical demeanor and there is a very good scene, as he lays back on the couch listening to the vampire horde trying to break in, where his cynicism gives way and you can see the fear in his eyes.

Aside from Price's performance, Last Man does have other moments that make it worth while. I've already mentioned the siege scenes, here made slightly creepier as his former best friend groans "Morgan, come out!" There is also a flashback containing a great bit in which we discover what ultimately became of his wife. During the last stretch, as a second character is introduced, we get to see how Morgan's ordeal has chipped away at his humanity and the film ends on a gloomier note than did the novel. This would make a terrific double-bill with Night of the Living Dead.



"I'd kill for an Xbox...and some weed."

Dec 2, 2012

PREDATORS

Boredom Lurks And Its Prey Is You!

03/10
Predators
2010
Director:
Nimrod Antal
Screenplay:
Alex Litvak, Michael Finch
Cast:
Adrien Brody, Alice Braga, Topher Grace,
Walton Goggins, Oleg Takarov, Danny Trejo,
Laurence Fishburne, Mahershala Ali,
Louis Ozawa Changchien


"Fear is Reborn"

I tried to imagine what it would have been like watching this if I didn't know what was going on before popping in the DVD, just trying to appreciate how the story unfolds without any preconceptions. I would likely have had a better time but still ended up disappointed. It opens with Adrien Brody waking up in freefall, his parachute opening just in the nick of time for him to land safely in an unknown jungle. Six more men and one woman have recently been through the same thing. Nobody knows how they got there. The last thing they remember was seeing a bright light before waking up over the jungle. It's quickly established that they are all a rough bunch. Brody's character, Royce, is a mercenary. Isabelle (Alice Braga) is an IDF black ops sniper, Hanzo (Louis Ozawa Changchien) a Yakuza enforcer, Stans (Walton Goggins) a death row inmate, Danny Trejo is Danny Trejo and so on. The unlucky bastard whose parachute failed to open will forever remain a mystery. Only Edwin (Topher Grace) seems out of place being a doctor, though the group may soon find they need one. They stumble upon some booby traps and quickly realize that their lives are in danger.

The set up is very much like Cube, but while that film got a lot of mileage out of keeping just what was going on something to be puzzled over throughout the film, Predators is at a disadvantage because anyone going to see it knows who abducted these people and why. A race of Predators have kidnapped and deposited them on an alien game reserve so that they can be hunted and killed. The characters are killers themselves because Predators enjoy a small modicum of challenge. The characters don't know that right away but the script can only keep them in the dark for so long until their ignorance becomes frustrating for an audience three steps ahead of them. So everyone is on the same page very quickly. Had Predator, Predator 2 and the horrible crossover films never been made this could have been interesting based on the premise alone. As it stands, Predators needed a few tricks up its sleeve to make it work.

It doesn't have any. It would have been nice, and not at all difficult, to have had a more charismatic lead than Adrien Brody. The characters are dull. They are a mostly unpleasant group with maybe a sliver of humanity, not written well enough to be taken seriously or broadly enough to be entertaining. The lone female character is, unimaginatively, the most compassionate of the group and therefore the most sympathetic. This movie would have been vastly improved with a more colourful cast of characters. It seems like this was the direction that the writers were trying to go in but the acting and dialog were reigned in too tightly, likely in a misguided attempt to strive for more natural performances. The script displays a strange disinterest in group dynamics. Any one character could be replaced with somebody else and not effect the story. The alien planet setting is wasted. Where is the interesting alien vegetation and terrain? The film is primarily Adrien Brody sullenly marching on as the other characters are picked off around him and we wait for his showdown with a predator. The journey isn't engaging and I never cared if he reached his goal. Laurence Fishburne makes an appearance and briefly livens things up but not enough to make a real difference.

"Follow me! Or don't. It's not like I care."

The fights are unremarkable and the movie isn't gory enough. I do think it's possible to salvage an entertaining film from a thin story and underwritten characters. A movie like Predators could get away with that. If it would just admit what it is and deliver the goods. Unfortunately, it feels like the whole film just absorbed Adrian Brody's sullen attitude. It just sits there with its arms crossed and a pissy look on its face, daring you to watch it until the end but not really giving a shit whether you do or not.

"Go on, shoot me! Or don't. It's not like I care."

Predators tries to up the ante by not only, as the title suggests, increasing the number of monsters to three but also by establishing that they are super-predators. This is to say, exactly like ordinary predators only bigger. Remember how much trouble Arnold Schwarzenegger had with just one regular size predator in the original? Well just imagine how much tougher fighting three super-predators will be. Not much as it turns out as the Yakuza enforcer is able to go toe to toe with one while wielding a katana and the serial rapist takes one on with nothing but a shiv. This is why the mechanics of the fight sequences are crucial. I'd love to see these guys take on impossible odds and triumph either through excellent strategy or luck or sheer viciousness. I do need to see it though. The fight scenes really need some creative choreography to be convincing. Otherwise they have all the dramatic tension of a slappy fight. This guy defeats the other guy just because the script says so. The action sequences are lazy and dull.

SPOILERS

The surprise twist at the end really illustrates just how desperate the film makers were to have something, anything to serve as a climax. After Adrien Brody coldly leaves Alice Braga's character behind in an ill advised attempt to cut a deal with the normal predator that the super-predators are holding captive, Topher Grace suddenly attacks her for no real reason. It turns out that he is a serial killer and has chosen that very moment to turn on her. Damn, and the only reason she stayed with him and not gone with Adrian Brody is because of her female compassion. Look what compassion gets you. I can buy Topher grace as a serial killer but I cannot buy his rational. It turns out that he kind of likes the place. Why? Yes he's a monster and a predator like his captors but I am pretty certain that he would have no desire to be prey. That would be his status on the alien planet. Anyway...surprise. Of course Adrien Brody has a change of heart and comes back to rescue the girl. It's a good thing too because his getaway spaceship explodes. It seems that compassion can sometimes save your life. Makes you think, doesn't it?

"Ah, I see that you have mastered the science of sharp, pointy metal.
Well played, Earth Man. Well played."

END SPOILERS

Predators was unlikely to be a success as an engaging science fiction film of ideas or a deep, or even shallow, examination of the darker elements of humanity. Maybe such a film could be made but Predators doesn't come close. Worse, the film makers don't recognize this and then fail to make the exhilarating, violent action film that anyone sold on the title was no doubt hoping to see.

INSIDIOUS

Crash! Bang! Boom!

06/10
Insidious
2010
Director:
James Wan
Screenplay:
Leigh Whannell
Cast:
Patrick Wilson, Rose Byrne,
Ty Simpkins, Lin Shaye,
Leigh Whannell, Angus Simpson,
Barbara Hershey


"It's not the House that's Haunted."

Insidious is the third feature from the writer/director team Leigh Whannell and James Wan, the duo responsible for Saw and Dead Silence. Saw was a low budget mega success. It was made for just over one million and went on to gross one hundred times that. For better or worse, Saw was among the most influential, if not the most influential, horror films of the 2000's. Dead Silence would boast a respectable twenty million dollar budget and barely make its money back. So, with Insidious, we are now back to a low, one and a half million dollar budget. Counter-intuitively, Wan and Whannell decided to make their third collaboration something far more along the lines of Dead Silence than Saw. Ghostly old hags ARE scary dammit! The crazy thing is that they appear to have another mega success on their hands. A ninety-seven million dollar gross and a sequel in development prove that being stubborn can sometimes pay off.

The future of horror?

The story is a fusion of Poltergeist and Paranormal Activity with a touch of The Exorcist thrown in. A young couple, Josh (Patrick Wilson) and Renai (Rose Byrne) move into a new home with their three kids. It's a sinister looking house infested with dark corners. It boasts a scary, spacious attic that looks to serve as a place for ghosts to hang out while at the same time providing extra storage room. The initial supernatural disturbances are low key, things mysteriously get moved around or go missing. Shortly after the couple's son Dalton (Ty Simpkins) falls into a coma while playing in the attic, things escalate quickly. Soon Renai is being terrorized by ghostly visitors traipsing all over the house. Josh begins to put in a lot of overtime at the school where he works.

Eventually the family moves into a new house. Of course, as the film's tag line indicates, this doesn't help. Borrowing a plot point from Paranormal Activity (produced by the same company) the focus of the haunting is not a place but a person. Comatose Dalton is now a ghost magnet. This does solve the problem of explaining why a family would choose to stay in an obviously haunted house, they don't, but it doesn't matter. The brightly lit and far less creepy second home becomes just as dangerous. This is a clever way for the film makers to have their cake and eat it too. They get to exploit all the traditional trappings of the creaky old spooky house and, just when that starts to wear thin, move in another direction. A third shift in gears is set up after a psychic is brought in to figure out what's up with Dalton.

"Hypothetically speaking, I mean just in theory of course,
if we were to move and not take our son with us
the ghosts would leave us alone, right?"

The scariest thing about Insidious is Joseph Bishara's alarming score. This is a film comprised almost entirely of jump scares. A quiet, creepy scene is established, the audience waits, and suddenly a glimpse of a ghost or a demon or whatever is accompanied by a really loud musical cue that makes everyone jump out of their seats. Do this at least once every fifteen minutes. Add on a jump cut and another loud musical cue and you've got yourself a twofer. To its credit, Insidious has the courtesy of showing us actual ghosts or demons or whatevers. It doesn't resort to spring loaded cats and false alarms. Some of the ghosts are a little creepy, the demon looks like he should be weilding a double bladed lightsaber but it doesn't really matter. Using this formula you could achieve the same effect by just giving the audience a glimpse of somebody walking around with a bed sheet over their head as long as the sound was loud enough. It would be more cost effective.

But hey, whatever works. I have no problem with film makers manipulating my emotions with cheap tricks. Please, manipulate me, I want to be entertained. Keep in mind though, there comes a point when the audience begins to see a pattern and the law of diminishing returns kicks in. So the question becomes, what else have you got? What am I actually going to remember a few days after seeing this? Insidious has some great opening credits. A series of quietly unsettling shots give the impression of having just caught something out of the corner of your eye. These are in direct contrast to the jump scares, something off centre in the shot not drawing attention to itself, but very unnerving when spotted. There is a scene set in the bright kitchen of the family's second home where Renai walks right past what I could have sworn was a small figure in a cap standing motionless with its back to the camera. The seance scene is interesting. The gas mask contraption that the psychic wears is bizarre in a fun way. There is a good use of a Tiny Tim song. That pretty much covers it.

SPOILERS


The third direction the film takes is exploring an astral projection angle. Dalton is able to leave his body and wander the astral plain but his still living body becomes prime real estate for ghosts and demons looking to possess it. We also discover that Josh had the same talent when he was a child but some bad experiences caused him to suppress the memory. Now Josh is going to have to journey into the astral plain to bring back his son before a demon steals his body. The film does not succeed in mining any emotional drama out of this father and son dynamic, which is a shame because it might have been an effective finale. A similar development in Poltergeist, with the mother traveling into the spirit world to rescue her daughter held more dramatic impact. To make things worse, the astral plane is disappointing. It's a slightly distorted version of things that we've already seen. By this point the film has edged way passed the point of being silly so it's a shame that they couldn't go for broke here. I was hoping that the astral plane would have looked something designed by Steve Ditko but really the point is it should have been visually stunning. Maybe if it had a bigger budget.


END SPOILERS


Insidious will probably scare you if you aren't too jaded about horror films and turn the sound up loud. It does become sillier as it progresses and has little in the way of offering something that you haven't seen before. I can't see this holding upon repeat viewings but that goes for most horror films (most films, really). It does at least employ its small bag of tricks somewhat effectively. I would recommend Paranormal Activity over Insidious however. It uses the same tools to achieve the same effect but is a much leaner, comparatively elegant film.

Dec 1, 2012

TOTAL RECALL

Blue Sky On Mars


09/10
Total Recall
1990
Director:
Paul Verhoeven
Screenplay:
Ronald Shusett, Dan O'Bannon,
Gary Goldman
Cast:
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Ticotin,
Sharon Stone, Ronny Cox,
Michael Ironside, Marshall Bell,
Mel Johnson Jr., Michael Champion,
Roy Brocksmith


"They stole his mind, now he wants it back."

Ridley Scott and James Cameron have had an enormous impact on mainstream science fiction over the last few decades but Paul Verhoeven is often overlooked. Ridley Scott has Alien (at its heart a horror film) and Blade Runner to his credit, he also made Prometheus. Cameron has the Terminator films, Aliens (at it's heart an action film), The Abyss and Avatar. Depending on your view of Starship Troopers, Verhoeven might compare rather well. Robocop and Total Recall would make it a hat trick. It is a shame that Hollow Man wasn't better. Still, Verhoeven's science fiction output is completely respectable.

Adapted from the short story We Can Remember It For You Wholesale, Total Recall isn't the best film based on Phillp K. Dick's work but it does come the closest to capturing the spirit of much of his writing. A Scanner Darkly is a faithful and very well executed adaptation of that particular, though somewhat atypical, P.K.D. novel.  Blade Runner is an elegant exploration of an important theme that P.K.D. returned to time and again. The role that empathy plays in distinguishing that which is human from that which is not. What both these films fail to capture is the colourful, sci-fi pulp quality and furious pace with which P.K.D. tosses around mind blowing concepts. He often introduces an idea that could serve as the main premise for a work all its own and then quickly discards it in favour of a new one. The worlds he creates are not slick. They are messy and strange and crass, often fusing the fantastic with the banal. Despite being a big budget vehicle for Hollywood's biggest action star, Total Recall manages to nail some of the surface qualities of P.K.D.'s work while at the same time doing justice to at least one idea central to much of his writing, the slippery nature of identity and reality.

Coldplay

Douglas Quaid (Arnold Schwarzenegger) is a construction worker living in some future year when Mars has been colonized and there are cool gadgets everywhere, enormous flat screen televisions for example. He's been having intense dreams about Mars and a mysterious brunette woman, dreams that his wife (Sharon Stone) does not care for one bit. He's become somewhat obsessed with Mars of late. He tries to convince his wife that they should move there, but she's having none of that. Anyone familiar with P.K.D.'s depiction of space colony life will recognize this as a wise decision.

Quaid can't let it go so easy. Since actually going to Mars doesn't seem to be feasible he heads off to a Rekall office to have the memory of going to Mars implanted in his brain instead. The salesman is a smooth operator though and upsells him on an "ego trip". Why go to Mars as a boring construction worker when you could go as a secret agent? So he climbs into the memory implant chair but something goes wrong. It seems that he's already had some serious brain work done and isn't who he thinks he is. The Rekall employees immediately recognize this as the work of a sinister sounding organization called "The Agency". Quaid freaks out so they pump him full of tranquilizers, refund his money, erase his memory of being there and dump him into a cab. Soon everyone is out to get him and nothing is as it seems. On the bright side, he will be going to Mars.

Nickelback

There are little touches that help flesh out this future setting, strange and humorous touches that really do suggest P.K.D.'s work. The receptionist at the Rekall office painting her nails with some future tech. The less than helpful Johnnycab (voiced by Robert Picardo) that explodes when the fare isn't paid. The middle aged fat lady robot/suit that Quaid uses to sneak to Mars. We also get telepathic mutants and bits of advertisements from rival companies extolling the virtues of memory implants over rocket travel and vice versa. The effects are a mix of CGI and Rob Bottin's puppet and prosthetic work, much of which holds up very well.

Total Recall also works as an action vehicle for Schwarzenegger. The fight scenes are well choreographed and exciting. We get a taste of the humorously gratuitous violence displayed in Robocop. Likely, P.K.D. would have been horrified that one of his stories was turned into a big budget Hollywood action movie (horrified all the way to the bank though, as I am sure the paycheck would have been most welcome) tough guy heroes were not really his thing. This disconnect is somewhat lessened because Quaid is a little different than the characters Schwarzenegger usually portrayed. He is not in control of the situation. He is several steps behind the other characters and constantly forced to react to circumstances that he does not understand. Quaid is a construction worker surprised by the action hero prowess he now seems to possess.

Creed

SPOILERS


It is a little known fact that
Arnold Schwarzenegger is an avid
collector of ugly lamps.
The plot allows for an interpretation that views most of the film as Quaid's fantasy. Everything that happens after he sits in the chair at Rekall being a product of his fried brain. The crucial moment comes when Dr. Edgemar (Roy Brocksmith) casually walks in on Quaid and tells him that he's still at Rekall and now completely delusional. If he'd just swallow this poison symbol everything will be cool and they can bring him back to reality. Otherwise Quaid will become completely psychotic and they'll have to lobotomize him. Verhoeven seems to favour this interpretation. In his DVD commentary he points out that the last shot of the film fades out to white rather than black which he takes to hint that Quaid has been lobotomized. While the events of the story could support this interpretation I don't think that the way it's presented does.

If the audience is viewing a Quaid's fantasy then the entire film should be presented from his point of view once the fantasy kicks in. Yet we cut to scenes of the villains planning this or that, exchanging information to advance the story but which Quaid is not privy to. These scenes are then like watching a dream without a dreamer. The second thing that makes this interpretation less viable is Sharon Stone. When she plays nice I don't believe it for an instant. Before Quaid ever goes to Rekall you know that she's hiding something. The odd look he gets from his construction worker buddy after telling him he's planning on a Rekall trip is also rather suspicious.

While I'm not convinced that Quaid is delusional it is a great way to mess with the protagonist's head. He almost goes for it. He's almost convinced because it's so plausible. Is Quaid a secret agent from Mars or a construction worker experiencing the dream that he just paid for? The bead of sweat rolling off Edgemar's forehead swings Quaid in the direction of the former. Though, I'd be willing to bet that Quaid was also thinking about how stupid he'd look if he swallowed that pill and Edgemar was just bullshitting him.

The real twist here is that Quaid hasn't merely lost his memory, he isn't even real. The man whose body he occupies is Hauser, and Hauser is an evil son of a bitch. Quaid's personality was cooked up by Hauser and the the tyrant Cohaagen as a means to infiltrate the mutant underground. This artificial personality is more humane than either of these men and in this Total Recall touches on the same idea explored in Blade Runner, synthetic minds outpacing natural minds in regards to empathy and thus becoming more human than human. It also poses the same question raised in Dark City, whether or not a man is the sum of his memories, and comes to the opposite conclusion.

END SPOILERS

As unlikely as it seems, combining the trippy science fiction of P.K.D. with an Arnold Schwarzenegger action extravaganza resulted in a very good film. Dan O'Bannon's contributions to the screenplay likely had a great deal to do with the film's success but I suspect Verhoeven deserves most of the credit. He often takes a satirical and light approach in his films which is exactly what a project like this needed. I doubt that Cameron or Scott, with their more mainstream and earnest sensibilities, could have pulled it off quite as well.

SATURN 3

Bizarre Love Triangle


04/10
Saturn 3
1980
Director:
Stanley Donen, John Barry
Screenplay:
Martin Amis, John Barry
Cast:
Farrah Fawcett, Kirk Douglas,
Harvey Keitel





"Trapped between unnatural love and inhuman desire"

Saturn 3 is about a pair of scientists working in a hydroponics lab on an unnamed moon of Saturn. They are lovers. Earth is crowded and starving, but the pair have managed to fashion a comfortable Garden of Eden oasis for themselves. That all changes when Earth gets tired of their screwing around and Captain James is sent to shake things up. To improve efficiency, a hulking beast of a robot named Hector is to be assembled on the station. Unfortunately, the man who arrives has a dark secret and there may still be some bugs to work out with Hector. Mayhem ensues.

Based on a story by John Barry with a screenplay by Martin Amis, Saturn 3 began with promise. Barry worked as the production designer on A Clockwork Orange, and gone on to do impressive work on Star Wars, Superman and the under appreciated Phase IV. He turned down an offer to work on The Empire Strikes Back in favour of Saturn 3. Barry envisioned the film as an extravagant depiction of a dystopian future. Amis was an award winning novelist and they even had the acting chops of Kirk Douglas at their disposal. So what went wrong?

Amis' novel Money may hold a clue. A fictionalized account of Amis' experiences working on Saturn 3 is depicted in the book. Lorne Guyland, a sixty something former Hollywood hunk with a penchant for nudity, is based on Douglas. In the novel, Guyland creates friction on set with his prima donna behaviour including demands for three long love scenes with full nudity. On the set of Saturn 3, there was friction between Barry and Douglas. Stanley Donan was brought in as a replacement director. That's Stanley Donan as in Damn Yankees, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers and Singing in the Rain, a strange choice to rescue a sexy sci-fi horror film.

There's no question that Saturn 3 was, in large part, a vehicle to showcase Farrah Fawcett's...talents. An attempt to propel her career out of the television ghetto and on to the big screen. Essential to this would be for the film to have a large appeal among a young male audience. The more killer robot and titillating glimpses of Farrah Fawcett the better. Naked old man flesh? Not so much. Yet Douglas seems to have been far more eager to sex this up than was Fawcett. In the finished film he displays a lot of skin. There is an awkward scene in which he wrestles with Keitel in the nude. To clarify, Douglas is nude, Keitel isn't. Those familiar with Bad Leuitant might be relieved to hear that. To indulge in wild, baseless speculation for a moment, what if Donan was brought on because he was willing to let Douglas have his nude scenes?

We certainly do see a lot of Kirk Douglas. Farrah Fawcett on the other hand, while apparently game enough for a little light T&A, did have her limits. Fawcett sports a rather kinky little outfit during one deleted scene. Though stills of Fawcett dressed in this costume were used to promote the film, she successfully had the segment removed before the film's release.

Suddenly, Charlie's Angels didn't seem so bad.

The film opens with ten minutes of padding. It adds nothing to the film other than to show us that it is indeed set in the future, and that the future is strangely well choreographed. The premise of the film is that Earth is overpopulated and starving. The work that Adam (Kirk Douglas) and Alex (Farrah Fawcett) are doing is intended to address this crisis. All we see of this future is the interior of a spaceship and the hydroponics lab on Saturn 3. The spaceship sequences show a future that looks more like 2001 than something like Soylent Green. The plants in the hydroponics lab look more decorative than functional. This is how Earth will be fed? The sets look great but don't really suggest the type of future that the story is trying to depict. Benson's trip through the rings of Saturn might have made a striking opening shot if they had the effects nailed down, but it's a jarringly poor sequence that really should have been cut from the film.

Keitel plays Captain Benson. He's been rejected for the mission to Saturn 3 as psyche tests have identified him as potentially unstable. Captain James has been selected instead. So Benson flushes James out an airlock and assumes his identity. Guess the tests were right. I think that this early reveal was a mistake. Had Benson simply arrived on Saturn 3 and his true identity been discovered as the story progressed, this could have been an intriguing element of the plot. As it is, the audience knows that Keitel's character is a dangerous creepy psycho making it all the more frustrating when Douglas doesn't lock him up within five minutes of meeting him because Keitel's character is written as an obvious creepy psycho. Keitel's voice was dubbed over by British actor Roy Dotrice making his character come across all that much weirder.

Several bits of dialogue clue us into the fact that Earth is no longer a nice place. Finding a moment to chat with Alex, Benson casually remarks, "You have a great body, may I use it?" Alex proves immune to Benson's smooth talk. Benson notes that it's selfish for Adam to keep Alex "for his own personal consumption" and that such unfriendly behaviour on Alex's part would be illegal on earth. He pops blue dreamers (space drugs) like they're candy. He also wants to eat their dog. Maybe Benson's appalling behavior is perfectly normal in the future world of Saturn 3 although, Captain James seemed like an alright guy, before he was flushed out an airlock.

"You're telling me that thing plays chess?
It just looks like a big waste of money to me."

It looks like Adam and Alex are going to be stuck with the Captain for a while. He needs to assemble and activate Hector. They'll be unable to send or receive communications for a while due to an eclipse. The captain casually informs them that Hector will make one of them obsolete. Adam is nearing "abort time". I'm guessing that's something like retirement though, from the way things are going back on Earth, it might also include being ground down into a nutritious paste. It's fairly obvious that by "one of them" the captain means Adam. Of course, he will soon have more pressing concerns than his imminent obsolescence.

The reason for Benson wanting the Saturn 3 mission, badly enough to kill, is never made clear. He's not like the mad scientist driven by a passion to perfect his monster. It seems like it's just a job to him. In fact he's very quick to help dismantle Hector when it proves dangerous. Once on Saturn 3 he soon becomes obsessed with Alex but we have no indication that he was aware of her before he arrived. So it's unlikely that she's the reason he wanted to go there. He attempts to follow through with Captain James' mission, apparently unconcerned with any repercussions for his crimes back on Earth. The character's only reason for being in the movie seems to be so he can bring along the robot and introduce some sleazy undertones to its malfunction.

"So, what's wrong with it? How come nothing happens?"
Leaving aside Fawcett's sex appeal, Hector the robot is by far the best thing about Saturn 3,  It's a cool movie monster, looking like something Skynet might have designed before coming up with the T-900. The massive body supporting a stick like head is an interesting design. It gets even more interesting later in the film. The tank of foetal brain tissue that makes up it's CPU is a nice touch. Benson programs Hector by linking up brain to brain. So Hector catches Benson's crazy. He also starts noticing girls, taking a shine to Alex.

Adam is beginning to face the fact that he won't be around to protect Alex forever and that their relationship might be holding her back. Benson comments on this pointing out that Adam abandoned Earth out of selfishness and keeps Alex out of selfishness. Though motivated by his own creepy fixation, Benson's observation is not without merit. Alex would prefer to stay with Adam, but who cares what Alex thinks? She is depicted as almost childishly naive and little more than a fair damsel in need of protection. Benson's arrival with the emasculating named "demigod" series robot, just actualizes a problem that Adam would have had to confront sooner or later. He is an old man perhaps no longer quite up to the task of being a suitable lover for the much, much younger Alex.

See? I AM double right clicking god dammit..."

SPOILERS

A chess game between Hector/Benson and Adam foreshadows the conclusion of the film. Adam sacrifices one of his pieces but is able to win the game. He notes that, for all the whiz bang technology going into your fancy robots these days "Sacrifice. It's the one thing you can't teach them...". To be fair to Hector, this blind spot probably has more to do with being programed by a psychopath rather than due to any flaw in his design. A downloadable patch would probably fix him up in no time. Also, Adam is getting on in years and old people hate technology so his opinion on the matter is biased. The film needs to make some sort of statement and falling back on the lazy theme of man's superiority to machine should do. Sure, why not? In the end Adam sacrifices himself for Alex and sets her free. It's kind of noble on Adam's part and mostly condescending towards Alex. The most interesting thing that happens in this movie (other than the naked senior citizen battle) is when Hector rips off Benson's head and starts wearing it as a hat. This is why I have rated the film a four rather than a three out of ten.

END SPOILERS

Saturn 3 doesn't really work as an exploitation film or science fiction or a monster flick though it has elements of all three. It can't commit to any one of these and ends up failing in every regard. We get bad performances of poorly written characters in a thin and unconvincing story. I suspect that everybody involved with the project stopped caring long before filming was complete. Donan probably cared for a short time before his was removed which is sad. It's like he tried to throw a party but some gate crashers came and ruined it then threw him out of his own house. Then everyone realized they didn't want to be there after all and had a shitty time. It's still worth a look for fans of retro sci-fi and those who appreciate well funded train wrecks.

Nov 1, 2012

THE BLOB

Smarter Than It Looks


08/10
The Blob
1958
Director:

Irvin S, Yeaworth Jr, Russell S. Doughten Jr.
Screenplay:
Theodore Simonson, Kay Linaker
Cast:

Steve McQueen, Aneta Corsaut,
Earl Rowe, Olin Howland, Stephen Chase,
John Benson, George Karas,
Lee Payton



"It crawls...It creeps...It eats you alive!"

1958's The Blob is one of those films that perfectly exemplify a thing of its type. It's like a Platonic form. In this case it is the physical expression that most closely resembles the metaphysical ideal of the teens-fight monster-from-outer-space movie. A film like this doesn't have to be the first of its kind, though in many ways The Blob is. It just needs to be exactly that sort of thing you're thinking of when you're thinking of that sort of thing. To put it another way, even if you haven't seen The Blob, you've probably seen it, dig? I would cite Death Wish 3 as an example of the film approaching the Platonic Form of 80's-action-revenge-flicks if that helps.

The Blob began its horrible gelatinous life as "Molten Meteor", an idea for a science fiction feature film that producer Jack Harris thought might make a few bucks. The concept was simple. An indestructible monster arrives from outer space in a meteor. It's able to dissolve and consume all that it touches and grows larger with everything it eats until it eventually threatens the world. In order to capitalize on the popularity of juvenile delinquency films like Blackboard Jungle and Rebel Without A Cause, the heroes would be teenagers, drag racing teens to add the hint of an edge but basically good kids.

We are all doomed.

Harris needed someone to shoot this midnight monster show and went with Pennsylvania's Valley Forge Film Studios, the secular arm of Good News Productions which specialized in religious material. The Blob would be Valley Forge's first feature and the first collaboration between Harris and director Irvin Yeaworth. They would work together again on 4-D Man and Dinosaurus! before Yeaworth returned exclusively to religious films. Co-producer Russell S. Doughten Jr. would go on to found his own studio and was responsible for the kicking off the rapture epic subgenre with the low budget scare film A Thief in the Night.

This production seems to have led a charmed life. So many pieces fell into place making The Blob a bigger success than anyone could have hoped. Steve McQueen was the crucial piece. Just on the cusp of stardom, McQueen would lend the film a hint of his King of Cool antihero persona playing 17 year old Steve Andrews. Of course he was 27 and really, really looked it, but somehow the performance works. His 24 year old co-star Aneta Corsaut also playing 17 as Jane, helps make this not seem too weird. Just assume they've led hard lives and it's fine.

World's oldest teens.

Paramount Pictures needed a second feature to fit into a double bill with I Married A Monster From Outer Space so they agreed to distribute The Blob. That was a stroke of luck but the title was a stroke of genius. Something simple and shamelessly direct that invited people to laugh along with it. It was originally going to be called "The Glob" but this was changed to avoid copyright infringement on cartoonist Walt Kelly's creation. "The Blob" worked well enough. It was picked up on by comedians like Jack Benny, Bob Hope and Steve Allen who would reference it for a laugh. Free publicity. The catchy theme song that played over the trippy opening credit sequence is a rare example of studio interference actually adding to a movie. The stars being right this $130,000 or so film went on to make millions and secure a respectable place in pop culture history.

"I wonder what this tastes like"
The film opens with Steve and Jane making out at a lookout point on the edge of town. Jane isn't entirely sure about Steve's motives but he charms her with a sincerity that just might be genuine. A meteorite crashing nearby grabs his attention and they drive off to have a look-see. We cut to an old man (Olin Howland, who also appeared in Them!) checking out the same meteorite. It splits open revealing...some sort of round blob at its centre. As the old man pokes it with a stick, the blob bursts open covering it with clear sticky goo. Suddenly, the goo lurches up the stick onto the old man's hand and sets up shop there. Whatever it's doing must be rather nasty as the old man screams in pain and goes dashing into the road. He's almost run over by Steve and Jane. They help him into the car, cover up his hand and drive off to see the town doctor. On the way Steve speeds by a carload of teens who take that as a challenge.

Dr. Hallen (Stephen Chase, who also appeared in When Worlds Collide) is one unlucky son of a bitch. He's just on his way out of town and about to lock the door behind him when Steve drives up with the dying old man moaning in the back. Great. He's a professional though and agrees to see what he can do. In his office they uncover the old man's hand and discover something really gross. The thing attached to it has gotten bigger and turned blood red. Dr. Hallen sends Steve and Jane back out to where they found the old man to try to find out who he is.

"Well old timer I've got some good news and some bad news.
The good news is that I've got enough drugs in this office to get so fucked up
 I'm going to forget that I ever looked under this blanket."

This next scene plays up the juvenile delinquent angle and is the closest to that vibe as we're going to get. The teens that Steve passed on the way to the doctor are waiting outside and want to race. Steve doesn't have time for that but they insist in a manner somewhere between friendly and threatening. So Steve accepts the challenge and literally beats them backwards. He's quite pleased with himself until police lieutenant Dave (Earl Rowe) strolls over wanting to know just what the Hell he was doing. This scene is pretty funny. The closest Steve's character comes to being an irresponsible teenager. We find out that Lt. Dave is a really decent guy. He lets Steve off with a warning. It also turns out that Steve is good pals with the other teens he was racing. They were just having a bit of harmless fun. Though they all agree to take it easy on Lt. Dave's and cool it with the street racing for a while. Truly they are hooligans with hearts of gold.

Eventually Steve remembers that he was supposed to be trying to find out about the old man he picked up and drives off to go do that. Dr. Hallen has been puzzling over the rapidly growing thing on the old man's arm and, fearing that he might need to amputate, calls in a nurse for back up. There is a nice shot with the doctor in the foreground while you can still see the old man covered in a blanket in the background, then something under the blanket moves. Ick. Pretty soon the old man is gone and there's a big red blob slithering around the office. It doesn't take nearly as long for it to gobble up the nurse. A shotgun and a powerful acid fail to kill it so Dr. Hallen barricades himself in his study but...the Blob can squeeze under doors.

As far as monsters go, the Blob is a marvel of simplicity. Silicon dyed red or an inflated weather balloon covered in red silicon and Bob's your uncle. At first glance, it doesn't appear all that threatening and it moves kind of slow. It isn't as immediately alarming as something like the creature from the black lagoon, but it's completely silent and CANNOT be killed. Also, I get the impression that it's intelligent, well maybe more like sly. This is likely due to the musical cues in the film but nevertheless. There is no limit to how big it can get, all it needs is time. I assume that, had not Steve found its one weakness, the Blob would have eventually engulfed the Earth. Then it would spawn and shoot meteoroids out into space to devour alien civilizations. The circle of life.

Smarter than it looks.

When Steve returns to Dr. Hallen's office he is just in time to witness the Blob eat the doctor as he attempts to escape out the study window. Steve is going to have a hell of a time trying to convince the adults in town. The main obstacle he's going to face is Sgt. Jim Bert (John Benson), the bad cop to Lt. Dave's good cop. Sgt. Bert is always hassling the kids because he really hates teenagers. Why? Two mentions are made of his war vet status so there is the natural antagonism that a man who spent his youth dodging bullets might feel towards a bunch of punks who spend their time racing around like hellions and playing stupid pranks. Man, kids today got it easy. Though, if he just took a close look at Steve's haggard and careworn visage he'd see that the kids might just have troubles of their own. Aside from that a reference to Sgt. Bert's wife being smacked into by a 17 year old speeding on the freeway is thrown in for good measure. Sgt. Bert's got his reasons and there is no way he's going to be made a fool of by a bunch of goofball teens making up crazy stories about monsters.

The Blob works because everything about it is just a little better than could be reasonably expected. The acting is mostly solid, the effects are pretty good and the plot moves at a brisk pace and unfolds logically. The generational conflict that underlines the story is not overplayed and it has a great and clever climactic moment set in a movie theatre, a gimmick that probably made William Castle green with envy. Sure, goofy bits crop up all over the place. When McQueen delivers the line "Dad, it isn't vandalism! Doctor Hallen is dead, and he was killed by some sort of A MONSTER!", it's impossible not to laugh. The kid playing Jane's little brother is kind of awful. The scene where the panicked crowd runs screaming out of the theatre is slightly compromised by some of the extras grinning into the camera like idiots. Just assume it's shock and the scene works fine. People react to stress differently. Other than that the film is great and everybody should see it.

Oct 6, 2012

PREDATOR

The Most Dangerous Game

07/10
 Predator
1987
Director:
John McTiernan
Screenplay:
Jim Thomas, John Thomas
Cast:
Arnold Schwarzenegger, Carl Weathers,
Bill Duke, Jesse Ventura,
Elpidia Carrillo, Sonny Landham,
Richard Chaves, R.G. Armstrong,
Shane Black, Kevin Peter Hall




"If it bleeds, we can kill it..."

A percussive martial score swells in the background. At a military base in Central America, a chopper lands and a team of hard men disembark. The last on board is the hardest man of all. Arnold Schwarzenegger lounges in the pilot seat chomping a cigar. He's Major Dutch Schultz, commander of a special ops rescue team. They are the best. The General needs to see Dutch about some important business. Dutch saunters over to the battle hardened old man. It's been a long time. Dutch is looking good. So, when is someone going to fill Dutch in? What's the trouble? Some cabinet minister's chopper went down behind hostile lines, the guerrillas probably have him and our side needs him back. There's another man sitting quietly in the other room. A man Dutch recognizes. It's Dillon! That son a bitch! It's been a long time. They shake hands and the camera lingers on Dutch's bulging bicep as he easily defeats Dillon in this test of manly strength.

How body builders exchange long protein strands.

Dillon lays out some sketchy details about the mission but don't bother paying attention because it's all a pack of lies. Years behind the desk pushing pencils have made Dillon unmanly and duplicitous. He's nothing but a C.I.A. stooge now. Of course Dutch can't quite see it yet, how could he suspect that a man could have changed so much, sold out so completely? He does sense something's up though. Why him? Why his team? Because he is the best. It'll be just like old times because Dillon is coming with and taking charge of the mission. Just like old times. Remember Afghanistan? Shit. Hold on a minute, Dutch and his team work alone, everybody knows that. Maybe, but orders are orders. Dutch has his orders, Dillon has his. Dillon pauses, there's something he doesn't understand. Why did Dutch turn down that Libya operation? It wasn't Dutch's style. They are a rescue team, not assassins. Sadly, you could never expect a man like Dillon to understand that.

So it's off to battle. The chopper is crammed with enough muscle, guns and testosterone for five action flicks. Where is their backup? There isn't going to be any back up. As soon as they cross into enemy territory, they're on their own.

I know what you're thinking. That set up sounds unbelievably fresh and exciting and it's hard to imagine something so awesome ever coming out of Hollywood. Now what if I told you that just seconds before we got a shot of a spaceship launching a pod at the Earth? Yes fucking way. Arnold Schwarzenegger is going to fight an alien.

Predator: The Musical
Predator is easily Die Hard director John McTiernan's second best film. Die Hard wins out primarily due to Jan De Bont's cinematography, that man knows how to film action set pieces. Die Hard is an excellent example of an action film. Predator just pretends to be an action film until it turns into something more along the lines of Friday The 13th. That set up, the mission to rescue the cabinet minister which is really a mission to do some dirty work for the C.I.A., none of it matters. It matters even less than the plot of a standard action movie because it's just an excuse to get a group of outmatched victims alone in the forest so they can be slaughtered one by one. Aliens had come out just a year prior and Predator certainly follows in its footsteps by mixing military fetishism with a little science fiction. It's closer in spirit to Alien though, it just has a lot more ordinance. The characters are lightly sketched but given just enough personality to distinguish one from another. I'll list them with a brief description.

"We're the Seven Best Friends
That Anyone Could Have
And We'll Never ever ever ever
Leave Eachother"

· Hawkins (Shane Black) the wisecracking guy with glasses

· Blain (Jesse Ventura) guy with a cool Minigun named Painless

· Mac (Bill Duke) Blain's special friend.

· Dillon (Carl Weathers) the lying C.I.A. stooge

· Billy (Sonny Landham) the Indian who is in tune with the forest

· Poncho (Richard Chaves) speaks Spanish

The macho posturing in this film is absurd and very entertaining. Jesse Ventura's line "I ain't got time to bleed." sums it up best. For all of their bravado and military hardware they quickly become a group of terrified victims once the Predator starts stalking them. The first strike against the team is a psychological one. They come across the skinned bodies of another team of American soldiers hanging from the trees. Now, these men eat the horrors of war for breakfast but come on! Skinned freaking bodies strung up like trophies. That's just...ick. They can only assume that the guerrillas were responsible but something doesn't sit right.

They hit the guerrilla camp hard. This is where Jan De Bont would have come in handy. A well shot and inventive scene of carnage justifies itself, but so often these scenes just rely on explosions and noise to give the impression of action when not much is going on at all. The sequence is loud and there is lots of gunfire, but it's kind of random. Good Lord! There are supposed to be hostages in there! Shouldn't these guys use a little more precision? Why not just launch a mini nuke into the camp? In any case they kill the fifty or so guerrillas that lived there but find all the hostages dead. Big surprise. They take one woman as a prisoner and, thank God, this doesn't turn into a romantic subplot. The entire team survives pretty much unscathed so we know that these guys are packing serious heat and that they are very good at killing things that try to kill them back. They pull a hit them hard with everything you got strategy on the Predator during their first encounter. It's a panicked reflex reaction where they fire blindly into the trees for a few minutes as if trying to shoot down the rain forest. It doesn't work.

It's in the trees! Oh my God! It IS the trees!

SPOILERS

The Predator kills everyone except for Dutch and the girl. Dutch is at a hopeless technological disadvantage. He has to get primal and use raw strength and cunning to kill the Predator. He's constantly shedding gear throughout the last part of the film. He ends up in much the same position as Captain Kirk was when he fought the Gorn on Cestus III. Kirk made a makeshift gun out of wood and rocks. That was impressive. I think what Dutch achieves in his crazy jungle trap is even more impressive. It has more moving parts. It's practically a Rube Goldberg device. He sets this up while being hunted in a matter of hours. I'm sure that, given a few days, Dutch could have constructed an entire Ewok village. So shed modern technology in favour of what nature provides you. That's what Dutch learns. But what does the Predator learn?

The candle that burns half as long
burns twice as bright.
R.I.P.
Word is he's from a race of hunters looking for sport. What sport? The Predator is like one of Donald Trump's boys on safari. He's armored,  invisible, and has a laser gun and a shoulder cannon. Sport. Yet, as Dutch proves more challenging, the Predator is more engaged in the hunt and sheds some of his modern gadgets as well. Without the distancing effect of technology he is focused in the moment. He's no longer distracted by thoughts of his cheating mate and screaming spawn waiting back at the nest. No longer dreading going back to the space office on Monday. For the first time, he tastes the thrill of the hunt. It kills him. But he lived more in those last moments than most of his people do in their lifetimes.

Predator is entertaining from beginning to end but really gets cooking during the last third of the movie. It's worth seeing as an example of Schwarzenegger in his prime and for Stan Winston's greatest achievement with the beady eyed, dreadlocked Predator and its face made of mandibles. Its Zen answer to the question "What the hell are you?" still sends a shiver up my spine.